News (EN)

MED report December 2022

curated by the MEDreport editorial team

In December, the number of people who found themselves forced to flee, cross the Mediterranean Sea and managed to arrive in Italy was 10,799. Among them were 735 unaccompanied minors.
Over a hundred thousand people arrived in Italy in 2022. December 28, in particular, was the day in December with the most arrivals: 939. By contrast, the month with the most landings was August, with 16,822.
Following the approval of the Italian government’s decree imposing a new code of conduct on sea rescue activities by Non-Governmental Organizations, criticism came from the Garante dei detenuti e delle persone privati della libertà, Mauro Palma, who expressed a number of concerns. Reflections having to do with applications for international protection on board, to single rescue, to sanctions issued administratively and without the scrutiny of the judiciary.

Guarantor Mauro Palma pointed out that “international maritime law does not identify the master of a ship as competent to determine the status of those who temporarily fall under its care as a result of a rescue operation and is therefore under no obligation whatsoever to ask those rescued whether they wish to apply for international protection.”

Data updated to Dec. 11, 2022, provided by the Missing Migrants Project, by the International Organization for Migration, testify that 25,331 migrants have died or disappeared in Mare Nostrum since 2014. To add to the horror of the numbers, is to understand how this is an inaccurate figure in any case, because the number of victims is surely much higher considering those who have been killed or missing along land routes across the Sahara Desert and border areas.

 

Here the full report for December 2022 (link to download):

These data are processed on the basis of information provided by the Department for Civil Liberties and Immigration of the Ministry of the Interior of the Italian Republic. The data refer to the landing events detected by 8.00 on the reference day.

 

News (EN)

Another Shipwreck and More Lives Lost: Authorities and Social justice Movements Must Act

For the attention of:
The International Organisation for Migration (IOM)
The Gambia Government, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
National Human Rights Commission (NHRC)
Civil Society Organisations and Social Justice Movements

7th January 2023, Banjul the Gambia and Italy

 

Just two days into the new year another shipwreck off the coast of Libya in the Mediterranean Sea claims the lives of more migrants. According to reports by the International Organisation for Migration some 48 Gambian Migrants were taken after the boat sunk and returned to Tripoli, however, many have also been reported missing.

According to a letter written by the Gambian Association in Tripoli addressed to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA) one of the missing persons is Mr Abubacarr Leigh who allegedly died after Libyan Coast Guards took him and some other migrants between “the period of 4:00 to 9:12 am at Tripoli seaport before referring them to detention center”.

The letter also notes that Mr Leigh’s body was taken to hospital mortuary by an ambulance and the remaining migrants were taken to detention center. Everyone knows that according to international reports and the United Nations themselves migrants in Libyan detention centres suffer from “unimaginable horrors”.

Given that this is a humanitarian crisis of international significance we call on the relevant authorities and civil society organisations to show the urgency required to stem the continued loss of lives at the Mediterranean Seas and the imminent danger facing survivors.

Given that the United Nations (UN) is already involved and aware of the situation via the International Organisation for Migration, the undersigned organisations remind the UN that the migration crisis is a one of global justice. People must have the freedom to migrate in a safe way but for many coming from destinations like the Gambia that is almost impossible.

The undersigned organisations call on:

  1. The UN to engage the European Union, the African Union and the Libyan Coast Guards to secure the safety of all migrants in Libya. Most importantly, to continue its efforts of providing a clearer image of the number of persons currently in detention, the number of people who drowned or passed away during the shipwrecks.
  2. The Gambia Government to make more efforts to secure the safety of its own citizens who are currently in detention in Libya. Collaborate with the UN via the IOM to visit detainees in detention centers to ascertain the condition of Gambian migrants in the custody of Libyan authorities who are more than those recently detained.
  3. Civil Society Organisations, the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC), Activists and Social Justice Movements across the globe to galvanise their efforts in advocating for the safety of migrants especially those currently in detention. It’s up to us to pressure the authorities to explore every means necessary to bring justice to all victims of human rights violations.

Undersigned Organisations:

Team Gom Sa Bopa
Refugees in Libya
Mediterranea Saving Humans

News (EN)

NEW DECREE OBSTRUCTS LIFESAVING RESCUE EFFORTS AT SEA AND WILL CAUSE MORE DEATHS

We, civil organisations engaged in search and rescue (SAR) activities in the central Mediterranean Sea, express our gravest concerns regarding the latest attempt by a European government to obstruct assistance to people in distress at sea.

A new law decree, signed by the Italian President on 2 January 2023, will reduce rescue capacities at sea and thereby make the central Mediterranean, one of the world’s deadliest migration routes, even more dangerous. The decree ostensibly targets SAR NGOs, but the real price will be paid by people fleeing across the central Mediterranean and finding themselves in situations of distress.

Since 2014, civilian rescue ships are filling the void that European States have deliberately left after discontinuing their state-led SAR operations. NGOs have played an essential role in filling this gap and preventing more lives being lost at sea, while consistently upholding applicable law.

Despite this, EU Member States – most prominently Italy – have for years attempted to obstruct civilian SAR activities through defamation, administrative harassment and criminalising NGOs and activists.

There already exists a comprehensive legal framework for SAR, namely the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and the International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue (SAR Convention). However, the Italian Government has introduced yet another set of rules for civilian SAR vessels, which impede rescue operations and put people who are in distress at sea further at risk.

Among other rules, the Italian Government requires civilian rescue ships to immediately head to Italy after each rescue. This delays further lifesaving operations, as ships usually carry out multiple rescues over the course of several days. Instructing SAR NGOs to proceed immediately to a port, while other people are in distress at sea, contradicts the captain’s obligation to render immediate assistance to people in distress, as enshrined in the UNCLOS. This element of the decree is compounded by the Italian Government’s recent policy to assign ‘distant ports’ more frequently, which can be up to four days of navigation from a ship’s current location. Both factors are designed to keep SAR vessels out of the rescue area for prolonged periods and reduce their ability to assist people in distress. NGOs are already overstretched due to the absence of a state-run SAR operation, and the decreased presence of rescue ships will inevitably result in more people tragically drowning at sea. Another issue raised by the decree is the obligation to collect data aboard rescue vessels from survivors, which articulates their intent to apply for international protection, and to share this information with authorities. It is the duty of states to initiate this process and a private vessel is not an appropriate place for this. Asylum requests should be dealt with on dry land only, after disembarkation to a place of safety, and only once immediate needs are covered, as recently clarified by the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR). 1

Overall, the Italian law decree contradicts international maritime, human rights and European law, and should therefore trigger a strong reaction by the European Commission, the European Parliament, European Member States and institutions.

We, civil organisations engaged in SAR operations in the central Mediterranean, urge the Italian Government to immediately withdraw its newly issued law decree. We also call on all Members of the Italian Parliament to oppose the decree, thereby preventing it from being converted into law.

What we need is not another politically motivated framework obstructing lifesaving SAR activities, but for EU Member States to finally comply with existing international and maritime laws as well as guarantee the operational space for civil SAR actors.

Signing SAR organisations:
EMERGENCY
Iuventa Crew
Mare Liberum
Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF)
MEDITERRANEA Saving Humans
MISSION LIFELINE
Open Arms
r42-sailtraining
ResQ – People Saving People
RESQSHIP
Salvamento Marítimo Humanitario
SARAH-SEENOTRETTUNG
Sea Punks
Sea-Eye
Sea-Watch
SOS Humanity
United4Rescue
Watch the Med – Alarm Phone

Co-signing organisations:

Borderline-Europe, Menschenrechte ohne Grenzen e.V.

Human Rights at Sea

________________________________________________________________________________________________
1. UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Legal considerations on the roles and responsibilities of States in relation to rescue at sea, non-refoulement, and access to asylum, 1 December 2022, available at: https://www.refworld.org/docid/6389bfc84.html

News (EN)

UNFAIR – the UN Refusal Agency’: Report of the two days of protests in Geneva

This weekend, on the occasion of the 75th International Day of Human Rights of the United Nations, the solidarity alliance formed by ‘Refugees in Libya’ and ‘Solidarity with Refugees in Libya’ reunited in Geneva to demand justice and fair treatment.

The demonstrations took place in front of the UNHCR building, where every day officials of the so-called Refugee Agency make decisions on the lives of millions of vulnerable people around the world.

The first article of the UN Declaration of Human Rights speaks clearly:
“All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and must act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood”.

Yet the UNHCR Libya, for over 100 days, ignored the requests of the group made up of thousands of refugees and asylum seekers who asked to be acknowledged as human beings and be evacuated to safe countries. Furthermore, the UN agency had closed its offices two days before the arrival of Al Khoja, the director of all Libyan detention centers who ordered his militias to set fire to the demonstrators’ tents.

A little over a year after the protests began, the few refugees and asylum seekers who managed to set foot in Europe mobilized and took the protest from Tripoli to Geneva. This time they could not remain unheard.


The mobilizations began on 9 December with a press conference held under a snowy sky and the tent covered with posters and banners denouncing all the injustices committed by the UNHCR.

The first voice on the microphone is that of David Yambio, spokesman for Refugees in Libya: “Today I am here to represent the thousands of people still locked up in concentration camps in Libya. We are talking about people regularly registered as refugees with the UNHCR who have been prevented from having fair access to the asylum process.  The Agency has never been transparent even with respect to its mandate. The proceedings last 10, 20 years. There are children born in Libya who have become adults while waiting.  Over the past 10 years in Libya, at least 45,000 people have registered as refugees. Yet in Tripoli there is only one UNHCR office. How do they think they can help us? And today I still have to listen to the astonished voices of those who ask us why we started the UNFAIR campaign?”.

Immediately afterwards, the word passes to his fellow activist Lam Magok, trapped in Libya for 5 years: “I have been there for 5 years. In Libya, migrants always live in fear.  They live in fear of being kidnapped, killed, tortured.  We are human beings like everyone else.  We are like Ukrainians.  There are no first class and second class migrants“.

Azeb Ambessa, of United4Eritrea and Solidarity with Refugees in Libya, adds: “This transnational movement was born shortly after the start of the protest in Tripoli to amplify the voice and requests of Refugees in Libya even within that European Union, accomplice and sponsor of the torture, killings and rapes that take place every day in detention centers, which are an integral part of the Union’s border regime”.

Finally Muhammad al-Kashef, activist of Alarm Phone and co-founder of Refugees’ Solidarity Movement who recalled how “more than 70 years after the signing of the Geneva Convention on the Status of Refugees, the UNHCR has failed in its mission. Not only in Libya, but also in Sudan, Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Turkey and even in the Greek islands, the UNHCR does nothing”.

The voice from the speaker boxes came through loud and clear this time. In the afternoon, in fact, Alex Tayler – Senior Liaison Officer for the Middle East and North Africa of the UN – invited in a delegation from the presidium made up of David Yambio and Muhammad al-Kashef, who brought all the requests of the UNFAIR campaign to the official’s table – available here: https://unfairagency.org/unhcr/.

 

Tayler has shown himself sensitive to our requests and both parties have expressed their willingness to embark on a path of dialogue.  We, however, cannot stand still waiting for real signs of discontinuity from the UNHCR. While we are safe here in Europe, thousands of migrants are risking their own skin because of the UN agency’s betrayal of its mandate. Our protests will not subside until our demands on the UNHCR are acted upon.

Despite the freezing temperatures, on the return of the delegation, the gathering continued until late in the evening with spontaneous interventions by representatives of the Afghan, Eritrean and Sudanese communities including Gandhi B., tortured for 8 months in Libyan prisons: “Before disembarking in Italy I was a political opponent of the Al-Bashir dictatorship, a human rights activist in Libya and a witness of numerous crimes committed by Libyan militias. From the moment I set foot in Europe I became just a refugee. We have so many stories to tell you about Libya and the UNHCR, but are you Europeans willing to put up with these truths?”

The evening ended with the screening of video material shot during the 100 days of struggle in Tripoli and with the short film “ABBAS” by the Sudanese director and activist Mustafa Zeyo.

The next day, December 10 (International Day for Human Rights), we met in the Place des Nations, in front of the UN headquarters. The demonstration started here and crossed the city to the rhythm of music and slogans such as “We are here and we will fight – Seeking asylum is everybody’s right!” and “UN Agencies – Stop ghosting refugees”.  

The march was accompanied by spontaneous interventions including that of Snit Tesfamaryam of the Eritreischer Medienbund Schweiz of Zurich: “Every person in the Eritrean diaspora has at least one relative or acquaintance affected by the Libyan militias.  UNHCR, stop this violence!  Our people are already suffering enough from dictator Isaias Afewerki!  “Yiakl!(enough!)” and “Down, down, Isaias”.

The march ended at Place de la Navigation, in the middle of the Paquis district, to an 80% inhabited by foreigners. Here the demonstration ended with various artistic and musical performances,  leaving us with the promise to meet again soon.

 

In fact, our struggle does not end here.  We will continue to report violations by UNHCR, the European Union and individual member states.  We will continue to denounce the racist and criminal border system which has caused thousands of deaths at Europe’s internal and external borders.

 

Life is not a lottery: none of us will ever have the power to decide if, when and where to be born.

Freedom of movement is a universal right!

 

The original article was published on the UNFAIR AGENCY website:
https://unfairagency.org/call-to-geneva/

News (EN)

MED report November 2022

curated by the MEDreport editorial team

In November, the number of people who found themselves forced to flee, cross the Mediterranean Sea and managed to arrive in Italy was 9,300. Among them are 2,022 unaccompanied minors. At a summit last Nov. 25, the European Commission presented a 20-point program made up of guidelines. An attempt, this one, to appease Italy with an action plan for the central Mediterranean in the pending that the 27 countries of the Union manage to find a still far-fetched agreement on the Asylum and Immigration Pact that would radically change the Dublin
Regulation.

Points include a partnership with African countries, pathways to legal immigration, strengthening solidarity mechanisms (which will remain voluntary in any case), and speeding up repatriations. Nothing more than guidelines, again: nothing more than proclamations that Europe has not already committed itself to without then ever moving to action. In recent weeks new calls have also come from President Mattarella: the management of migration flows as “a decisive and global issue” that will not be eclipsed. It is necessary “to face these challenges together in a spirit of strong solidarity.” “Diplomacies, national and international organizations, starting with the European Union, are called to a common
commitment. At stake are the lives, destiny and dignity of human beings.”

 

Here the full report for November 2022 (link to download):

These data are processed on the basis of information provided by the Department for Civil Liberties and Immigration of the Ministry of the Interior of the Italian Republic. The data refer to the landing events detected by 8.00 on the reference day.
News (EN)

MED report October 2022

curated by the MEDreport editorial team
In October, the number of people who were forced to flee and cross the Mediterranean Sea and managed to arrive in Italy was 13,716.
Among them were 2,161 unaccompanied minors. Numbers, again, extremely close to those of the previous month and so far removed from the immigration emergency rhetoric that has characterized previous months. The 3rd of October was the ninth anniversary of the shipwreck that occurred in 2013, when 368 people lost their lives off the coast of Lampedusa. Since 3rd October 2013, more than 24,000 refugees and migrants have died or are missing in the Mediterranean Sea.
In October, the number of people who were forced to flee and cross the Mediterranean Sea and managed to arrive in Italy was 13,716.
Among them were 2,161 unaccompanied minors.
Numbers, again, extremely close to those of the previous month and so far removed from the immigration emergency rhetoric that has characterized previous months. The 3rd of October was the ninth anniversary of the shipwreck that occurred in 2013, when 368 people lost their lives off the coast of Lampedusa. Since 3rd October 2013, more than 24,000 refugees and migrants have died or are missing in the Mediterranean Sea.

Here the full report for October 2022 (link to download):

These data are processed on the basis of information provided by the Department for Civil Liberties and Immigration of the Ministry of the Interior of the Italian Republic. The data refer to the landing events detected by 8.00 on the reference day.
News (EN)

Illegal decree – Italy announces to push back protection seekers on board Humanity 1

MEDITERRANEA Saving Humans gladly publishes the Italian translation of the statement released this afternoon by SOS Humanity. We stand by all the people on board the four ships to whom the Italian government, for instrumental ideological and propagandistic reasons, has been denying disembarkation in a safe port for days, as required by international law and, even before, by the reasons of humanity and the laws of the sea. To uphold these reasons we will support the women and men of the Civil Fleet in every choice they make in the coming hours: the fundamental rights of people on the move are not negotiable.

 

Illegal decree – Italy announces to push back protection seekers on board Humanity 1 

After more than two weeks of waiting and 21 requests to the relevant authorities 179 people rescued from distress at sea on board the civil rescue ship Humanity 1 are still waiting for a place of safety. Due to a storm, the ship – after priorly informing the Italian rescue coordination centre and consulting the responsible port authority – entered Italian territorial waters off the Sicilian city of Catania on Friday evening to seek shelter from high waves and strong winds.  

Photo credits: Max Callavari / SOS Humanity

 

Also on Friday evening, the captain of the Humanity 1 received a letter signed by the Italian Ministers of the Interior (Matteo Piantedosi), Defence (Guido Crosetti) and Infrastructure & Mobility (Matteo Salvini). The decree prohibits the Humanity 1 from remaining in Italian territorial waters for longer than “necessary to ensure rescue and assistance operations for people in emergency conditions and in precarious health conditions.” The decree indicates that particular vulnerable people will be identified and only a selection of survivors will be brought ashore from the vessel anchoring outside the port.  

“The Italian Minister of Interior’s decree is undoubtedly illegal,” says Mirka Schäfer, advocacy officer at SOS Humanity. “Pushing back refugees at the Italian border violates the Geneva Refugee Convention and international law. All 1,078 people rescued from distress at sea on board Humanity 1, as well as on board the civil rescue ships Ocean Viking, Geo Barents and Rise Above, are in need of protection. Italy is obliged to let all survivors go ashore immediately.”  

Regarding a possible selection of the survivors on board the Humanity 1, for which the ship has not received any instructions, Schäfer further explains: “All 179 survivors on board the Humanity 1 are people rescued from distress at sea who, according to international law, must be brought ashore to a place of safety without delay. The survivors fled Libya, where they were exposed to human rights violations such as torture. As refugees, they are clearly in a vulnerable state, some of them visibly traumatised. Those rescued must be allowed to go ashore immediately, where their medical and psychological care can be ensured, and they can exercise their right to apply for international protection.  It would be inadmissible under international law and from a humanitarian perspective to disembark only a selection of the survivors.” 

The captain of the Humanity 1, Joachim, emphasises: ” As the captain, I am responsible for the safety of all people on board. After about two weeks on deck, in these stormy conditions and especially with the survivors’ history in Libya, all these people are in need of protection. We are also running out of food on board in a short time. We urgently need disembarkation in a place of safety for each and every one of these people. This is their right and I will fight for it.”  

Since Friday, the rescued people have been suffering from the sudden change in weather, freezing on the deck that is only partially protected by a tarpaulin and getting wet during the rainy and stormy night. This weather situation puts additional stress on the people, especially on the more than 100 unaccompanied minors. In addition to the significantly worsened weather situation, the adequate supply of food is also limited in time: Two hot meals can only be provided for three more days. After that, only plain couscous and rice supplies are available on the ship. 

“We call on European states, as well as civil society, to act immediately and not to just sit idly by and accept this injustice”, Schäfer stresses. 

News (EN)

Malta instructs rescue ship to take 23 people to Egypt rather than to closer ports in Europe

The following is a joint statement by Alarm Phone, Mediterranea Saving Humans, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) and Sea-Watch.

 

On 26 September 2022, 23 people were sent to Egypt on the instructions of the Rescue Coordination Centre (RCC) of Malta, after being rescued in the Maltese search and rescue (SAR) region by the merchant vessel Shimanami Queen, navigating under the Panama state flag. At the time of the rescue, those on board the small boat had already been at sea for four days, in poor weather conditions and with very limited supplies of food and water.

In line with maritime conventions, RCC Malta is legally responsible for coordinating any rescue operations in the event of an emergency or accident within its SAR region. In this specific case, RCC Malta instructed merchant vessels in the immediate vicinity of the boat in distress either to continue their voyage or merely to stay on standby, therefore delaying the rescue significantly. The lack of clear guidance and the unnecessary delays in coordinating the rescue deliberately put the lives of the 23 people on board at imminent risk. This is a common practice by the Maltese authorities to avoid having to engage in a rescue operation themselves and to prevent arrivals in Malta, as witnessed and documented in several cases by civil SAR organisations. [1, 2]

In this instance, RCC Malta also failed to cooperate with civil SAR organisations in such a way as to ensure that the lifesaving operations were carried out as quickly as possible. Following the rescue, RCC Malta used the Shimanami Queen to enforce the hostile migration policies of Europe, and of Malta itself, by instructing the ship to take the rescued people to Egypt.

Malta violates the principle of non-refoulement

In reference to the non-refoulement principle of the 1951 Geneva Convention (Art. 33(1)), contracting states should not expel or return a person “to the frontiers of territories where his life or freedom would be threatened on account of his race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion”. According to this principle, people rescued at sea must be taken to a place of safety “where the survivors’ safety of life is not threatened [and] where their basic human needs can be met”. [3]

In this instance, the 23 people were not disembarked in either Malta or Italy, despite these being the closest places of safety to the position where they were rescued, at 159 and 146 nautical miles away, respectively. Instead the rescued people were forcibly taken 760 nautical miles to Egypt. While Egypt is a signatory to the 1951 Geneva Convention, the country lacks an adequate national legal framework for the protection of refugees and asylum seekers.

As organisations engaging in SAR activities at sea, we denounce the forcible transfer of these 23 people to Egypt and call for consequences to Malta’s blatant violations of maritime and international law.

Alarm Phone, Mediterranea Saving Humans, Médecins Sans Frontières and Sea-Watch demand an end to these serious human rights violations in the central Mediterranean and along the EU’s external borders, committed directly by European authorities through private companies. European rescue coordination centres must fulfil their legal responsibilities and ensure the immediate rescue of people in distress at sea, with subsequent disembarkation in a place of safety in Europe.

[1] In April 2020, the Maltese authorities ordered the merchant vessel IVAN first to only stay on stand-by and then to leave the scene of a distress case. The people have been pushed back to Libya by a fishing vessel afterwards: 

[2] In July 2020, the Maltese authorities ordered the merchant vessel COSMO to only monitor two distress cases instead of conducting rescue operations. Due to the inactivity of the RCC Malta, one of the boats got finally intercepted by the so-called Libyan Coast Guard within the Maltese SAR Region and pulled back to Libya:  https://twitter.com/seawatch_intl/status/1286699019071299584. 

[3] IMO, Resolution MSC.167(78), Guidelines on the Treatment of Persons Rescued At Sea, 20 May 2004 (6.12 and seq.) 
News (EN)

Raid on Libyan consulate in Palermo by “The Women and Men of Good Will of the New Mediterranean”

Blitz against the Italy-Libya Memorandum (MoU) this morning at the Libyan Consulate in Palermo.

As reported by Adnkronos, a group of people wearing white overalls and with their faces covered, changed the consular plaque and replaced it with one bearing the words ‘Consulate of the Torturers’. The action, claimed in a text and video by ‘the women and men of goodwill of the New Mediterranean’, ended with the throwing of red liquid to symbolise blood.

It is our pleasure to publish the whole text translated into English by our team and invite everyone to share it widely.

From our side, maximum respect for the women and men of goodwill of the New Mediterranean.
The struggle continues, at sea as on land.

= = = = 

Some people wearing white overalls and with their faces covered threw red liquid on the walls and put up posters with pictures of migrants and the words ‘Libyan lagers’ and ‘torturers’.

Blitz this morning at the Libyan Consulate in Palermo. Posters with images of ‘Libyan lagers’ were put up at the entrance to the office, which is located in the central Via Libertà, and a plaque reading ‘Consulate torturers Libya’. An action of disobedience filmed and claimed through a leaflet by ‘The Women and Men of Good Will of the New Mediterranean’. In the images of the raid, of which Adnkronos has come into possession, some people wearing white overalls and their faces covered can be seen putting up posters on the outside walls of the consulate with pictures of migrants and the words ‘Libyan lagers’ and ‘torturers’. A plaque was placed at the entrance of the consulate saying ‘Consulate torturers Libya’ and red liquid was thrown on the ground and walls to symbolise blood.

‘We visited the Libyan Consulate in Palermo today,’ reads the leaflet claiming the action. A peaceful but determined action to give back the true image of what this place represents: a government, the one in Tripoli, where militias are authorised to carry out horrible violence against migrant women, men and children, locked up in lagers or hunted in the streets as prey in a bloody hunt. It is the dirty work of ‘guard dogs’ of the externalised border to the south of Europe, involving the detention and even physical elimination of human beings, who have the only fault of wanting to seek refuge in countries across the sea, such as Italy’.

‘The Women and Men of Good Will of the New Mediterranean’ point the finger at the “systematic and programmed violation” of human rights in Libya, “paid for with hundreds of millions of euros by Italy and Europe”. “The ‘left-wing’ Italian rulers signed in 2017 a pact with Libyan armed clans, written with the blood of tens of thousands of innocent people.” The Italy-Libya memorandum for the authors of the raid would aim to “make it legal to torture, rape, kill asylum seekers, with the intention of preventing them from reaching the Sicilian coasts. Financing the construction of concentration camps, training and supplying the so-called ‘Libyan Coast Guard’, which has captured at sea and deported to Libya tens of thousands of people. Making legal the violation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the Geneva Convention on Refugees, the Hamburg Convention on Sea Rescue. Make horror and injustice legal’.

The Mediterranean is “our common home”, they go on to explain, but also “a cemetery without crosses or tombstones, from the mighty of the Empire”. “We call brothers and sisters those who are forced to cross deserts and rely on the waves to cross the border between death and life. We are Mediterranean and recognise the value of a right of citizenship that is not based on skin colour, wealth or poverty, but on humanity. The struggles of our brothers and sisters to win the human right to mobility, to reaffirm the inviolable right to seek asylum and refuge, are our struggles. And they will build a new Mediterranean’.

Link to the original news and video: https://www.adnkronos.com/palermo-raid-al-consolato-libico-torturatori-video_3UDrL89aaCbjFIaG6QiEFF

 

News (EN)

MED report September 2022

curated by the editorial staff of MEDreport

In September, the number of people who found themselves forced to flee, to cross the Mediterranean Sea and who managed to arrive in Italy was 14,157. Among them were 1,719 unaccompanied minors.

Numbers extremely close to those of the previous month. Yet, not at all close to the rhetoric of the immigration emergency that has characterised the previous months. In the politicians’ cries we find a description that is very far from reality. An ordinary phenomenon used and exploited for personal interests, using emotional and propagandistic communication.

Sunday 25 September saw the celebration of World Migrant and Refugee Day. As Pope Francis reminded us in a passage of the encyclical Brothers All: “Migration will be a founding element of the world’s future.

The construction of our future must take place together with migrants, with refugees: a truth, this one, so much forgotten in a climate of aversion to what is different. Yet, Francis reminded us that ‘it is not enough to welcome migrants: they must also be accompanied, promoted and integrated’.

With this in mind, we addressed the issue of the Italy-Libya Memorandum of Understanding, which on 2 November 2022 will be tacitly renewed for the second time, unless Italy finally takes the opportunity to stop it. To understand the madness of this pact, it is necessary to understand it in depth, year by year, listening to the voice of those who, as parliamentarians, have experienced its implications and evolutions.

Here is the complete report for September 2022 (download link):


This data is compiled on the basis of information provided by the Department for Civil Liberties and Immigration of the Ministry of the Interior. The data refer to disembarkation events detected by 8 a.m. on the reference day.